PNP HUMAN RIGHTS AFFAIRS OFFICE
HUMAN RIGHTS-BASED POLICING PROGRAMS
(January 1, 2020 to November 30, 2020)
The PNP Human Rights Development Program was launched in 2007 to address various human rights issues and concerns faced by the police organization. The program has four components, namely: Institutional and Policy Development, Capability Building, Prevention and Control of Human Rights Violations, and Multi-Sector Cooperation.
- Institutional Policy Development – To review and formulate police operational policies attuned to the evolving issues of human rights protection.
- Capability Building - To develop the capacity of police officers on human rights consciousness and their adoption to embracing in their career the HR philosophy and principles—not just a recipient of change, but a prime-mover for human resource development on human rights.
- Prevention of Human Rights Violations – To reduce the incidence of human rights violations by establishing a system of integrity recognition to deserving members of the PNP who have exemplified themselves to the cause of human rights and to institute legal measures to address violations committed by State actors and non-State actors.
- Multi-Sectoral Cooperation – To enhance stronger cooperation between the PNP and relevant partners from the government, NGOs, and other sectoral groups, as well as international bodies, in pursuit of the promotion, protection, and fulfillment of human rights principles in the country.
This report contains the accomplishments of the PNP in the promotion of human rights through the Human Rights Affairs Office, covering the period January 1, 2020 to November 26, 2020.
Institutional Policy Development
- Formulation of Human Rights Policies and Advisories. As part of our program thrust to fully institutionalize the respect for human rights as a way of life in the PNP, this Office has come up with various Human Rights Advisories to be translated into pocket cards that will serve as a guide to all PNP personnel in their underlying duty to uphold human rights and the rule of law, at all times. It will also help improve safety awareness through community-oriented and human rights-based policing of the PNP. HR Policies and Advisories which are undergoing review and approval by the higher authorities include the following:
- Advisory re 2020 Traslacion of the Black Nazaerene;
- Situation of PUPCs During Enhanced Community Quarantine;
- HRBP on Strict Enforcement of Enhanced Community Quarantine throughout Luzon and in Localities with High or Increasing COVID-19 Infections;
- Category of Custodial Facilities;
- Human Rights Advisory Re Use of Force and Firearms during Police Operations;
- Respect for Human Rights During Holding of Mass Protest/Rallies/Exercise of Freedom of Speech and Expression in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic; and
- Advisory re Video-Taping, Media Coverage, Vlogging, and Similar Activities.
- Development of Information, Education and Communication (IEC) Materials on Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law
HRAO has also developed, printed, and distributed more than 4,000 copies of HR and IHL knowledge products which will be distributed to the 17 Police Regional Offices.
- Series of Human Rights Refresher (Deepening) Seminar/Trainingfor Investigators and Custodial Officers. The series of Human Rights Trainings/Seminars had the objective to enhance and reorient our police officers, investigators and custodial officers of the fundamentals of human rights, investigative procedures based on Philippine Laws and our Police Operational Procedures. From January to June 2020, a total of 18 two-day Human Rights Deepening Seminars were conducted with a total of 571 PNP Participants.
- Conduct of Senior Level Seminar 2020 On International Legal Aspects for Senior Police Officers in partnership with the International Committee of the Red Cross for 20 Senior Police Commissioned Officers with the ranks of PCSUPT and PSSUPT from selected Directorates/PROs/Units from March 9-11, 2020 at HUE Hotels And Resorts Boracay, Station 2, Main Road, Boracay Island, Malay Aklan The Forum aimed to:
Provide a venue for discussing actionable issues and policy recommendations on the following:
- Congestion of PNP Custodial Facilities due to the intensified implementation of Project Double Barrel 1 and 2;
- Force Protection and Use of Non-Lethal Weapons; and
- Updates and filing of Human Rights Violation cases involving Death under Investigation.
- Assess, evaluate, and come up with holistic solutions that must be adopted to address the said issues;
- Mainstream human rights-based approaches in policing; and
- Deepen the understanding of police officers on human rights and International Humanitarian Law to attain higher professional standards and be made as a way of life in law enforcement.
3.Series of Human Rights lectures from PNP Offices/Units. Resource speakers from PNPHRAO were invited in the various specialized and mandatory courses conducted by different PNP Offices/Directorates to discuss human rights and IHL. A total of 1,617 PNP personnel have been given lecture by HRAO on Human Rights subject which has been integrated in the various courses offered by various police units, namely: International Organization for Standardization Seminar, Finance NUP Course, HS basic Logistic Course (BLC), Basic Communications and Electronics Course, Basic Trafficking in Persons Seminar, Basic Logistic Course 2019-08, Summary Hearing Officer Seminar, Intelligence Basic Course (IBC) for PCO CL 2019-14, Patrol Officer Basic Course for PNCO (POBC), Civil Disturbance Management Operations Seminar (CDMOS), 12-day PNP Specialized ISO Course, Computer Programming Course, Computer Hardware Maintenance and troubleshooting Course, 15-days Police Explosives Reconnaissance Course, Polygraph Examiners Course, 2-day Lifestyle Check Seminar, 4-day Lactation Management Seminar, Trafficking in Persons Specialist Investigators Course, Police Detective Course Class No. 06-2019, BICC for PDEG Personnel, BICC for PDEG Personnel, Investigation Officers Basic Course (IOBC) Class No. 123-2019, Investigation Officers Basic Course (IOBC) Class No. 123-2019, Orientation of WCPC Recruits, Basic Firearms Identification Course (BFAIDC), Basic Planning Course, COC, HR Seminar, and Overview of IHL.
Human Rights Promotion
HRAO is continuously monitoring initiatives of various chiefs of police with the assistance of HR Officers with the adherence of the following measures in order to help ensure the protection of PUPCs:
- Coordinate with their respective city /municipal health officers for medical check-up of PUPCs and other necessary interventions;
- Disinfect the custodial facilities at least every other day and when necessary;
- Provide necessary provisions such as alcohol, hand sanitation disinfectant, face mask, etc., with appropriate support from the LGUs;
- Limit the period allotted for family visitors and observe no physical contact policies on PUPCs;
- Exercise proper hygiene in the police stations; and
- Hearing in court must be strictly compliant with the government policy issuances regarding lockdowns/enhanced community quarantine in court locations
- Implementation of“Online Bisita” Systemfor Persons Under Police Custody (PUPCs). The virtual visiting system is an offshoot of the request from the Commission on Human Rights for the PNP to allow the use of technology for the PUPCs to get the chance of having a conversation with members of their families and relatives while the latter are prohibited from personally visiting them during this period of COVID19 pandemic and in order to prevent the spread of the deadly virus that may affect the PUPCs and the police station as a whole. By allowing the PUPCs to talk online with their families/relatives, they can exercise their constitutional rights with the PNP’s way of affording them the use of technology.
To differentiate this effort with that of the BJMP’s original “electronic dalaw system”, HRAO has adopted a modified system of "ONLINE BISITA" as a nomenclature. The implementation of the “ONLINE BISITA" shall be the basis for monthly data reporting of the number of PUPCs who benefited from the said rights-based approach. This mechanism, which will make use of the smartphones of custodial supervisors or HR officers, has been set in consonance with internet access and appropriate security measures vis-a-vis the number of PUPCs in the different PNP custodial facilities nationwide.
- Medical Monitoring of Persons Under Police Custody (PUPCs). Health concerns in custodial facilities and other places of custodial facility must also be regarded as a public health issue to be able to effectively address them. The PNP strictly adheres to the Human Right Advisory; Health condition and well- being of PUPCs should be constantly monitored. Those suffering from illness should be given immediate medical attention to prevent the spread of diseases and promotes health awareness in custodial facilities.
- Rapid Testing of Persons Under Police Custody (PUPCs). In order to halt the spread of COVID-19 in congested custodial facilities, continuous conduct of mass rapid testing to PUPCs were conducted by the personnel of PNP to ensure that all PUPCs are COVID free and to isolate possible infected detainees.
Multi-Sectoral Partnership and Cooperation
- Series of PNP-Civil Society Organization Forum on Rights-Based Policing. The forum which was conducted by the PNP-HRAO in partnership with the Hanns Seidel Foundation of Germany had the objectives to Provide opportunities to discuss problems concerning Human Rights on the issues of Arrest, Use of Force, and Search Seizure; Person under Police Custody; and Fatal Shooting/Torture/Ill-treatment; Identify administrative remedies to address the problems; Enhance understanding of Human Rights Issues and gaps; and Develop effective approaches in addressing human rights issues with the communities and CSOs. A total of 14 PNP-Civil Society Organization Forum on Rights-Based Policing were conducted with a total of 756 attendees from the PNP, CSO, and concerned government agencies.
- Conduct of 1st PNP Human Rights Officers Family Teleconference.The 1stPNP Human Rights Officers Family Teleconference Meeting for HRAO Staff Officers and all Regional Police Human Rights Officers (RPHROs) was conducted via ZOOM on May 28, 2020 from 9:00AM to 12:00NN at PNP-HRAO Conference Room, Camp BGen Rafael T Crame, Quezon City. The conference aimed to discuss the Human Rights Situation and COVID-19, Legal framework, Law Enforcement Structures, Challenges and Opportunities, Guidelines for the creation of Human Rights Officer VIBER Account; and the Human Rights Recording, Analysis, Information System and Enforcement (HuRAISE).
- TWG Meetings for the Development of theHuman Rights Recording, Analysis, Information System and Enforcement (HuRAISE). Series of TWG Meetings, which started on June 5, 2020, is being undertaken by this Office in coordination with representatives from DPRM, DO, DI, DIDM, DICTM, IAS for the development of the Human Rights Recording, Analysis, Information System and Enforcement (HuRAISE) or HRAO form 2020-001 to establish a human rights-centered data recording and analysis system that would capture specific violations of human rights (e.g. Right to Life, Right to Liberty; Right to Freedom of Expression, etc) that may be committed by police personnel. This initiative from HRAO is with the end view of making the HRAO as the sole repository of data and analytical dimensions of human rights cases which are usually left nowhere in statistical monitoring system adopted by DO, DIDM, DPRM and IAS.
- TV Guesting in the “Straight from Team PNP Facebook Live Program” PBGEN ILDEBRANDI N USANA, C, HRAO was invited as guest during the “Pulis@UrSerbis FB Live program” hosted by PCOL OSCAR P NANTES, DDO PCADG, PNP on June 25, 2020 10:00 AM held at the PCADG Conference Room, Camp BGen Rafael T Crame Quezon City wherein he was asked about the efforts of the PNP on the promotion and protection human rights during quarantine restrictions and the Anti-Terrorism Law.
- HRAO has actively participated in different confidence and partnership -building activities and other multi-sectoral events related to the promotion and protection of human rights and international humanitarian law.
- Signing of renewal of Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between the PNP and International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) was held on October 6, 2020 at the ICRC Office, Makati City. The Memorandum of Understandingis geared to enable both parties to implement projects in the promotion of international policing standards and respect for International Humanitarian Law.
- Participation in the 129thSession of the International Narcotics Control Board. The 129thSession of the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) was held on November 10, 2020, through a hybrid format, in Viena, Austria which was attended by the members of the INCB headed by their President CORNELIS P. DE JONCHEERE. On the other hand, the Philippine Delegation, which was headed by AMBASSADOR MARIA CLOFE NATIVIDAD, include USEC BENJAMIN P REYES of the Dangerous Drug Board, USEC RICOJUDGE JANVIER ECHIVERRI, DILG; USEC FERDIAND SUNGAY, DOJ; USEC BRIGIDO D DULAY, DFA; USEC SEVERO CATURA of the Presidential Human Rights Committee Secretariat; ATTY. RONIE CUDIA, PDEA; PCOL VINCENT S CALANOGA, Assistant Chief, HRAO; PMAJ RONNIE O ALBINO, DO; and NUP MELVIN O. RAGASA, Media Relations Officer/Writer, HRAO. The session revolved on two points: First, the Drug Control Policy being implemented in the country and Second, to shed light on the reports by the media and credible international UN agencies about allegations of grave violations of human rights such extra-judicial killings, arbitrary detention, and violent measures inflicted on suspected drug offenders.